Primary Noxious, Class 2 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order, 2016 under the Seeds Act.. Distribution. The Stinging Nettle. Western horse nettle leaves are oval, have five to seven lobes and reach up to 6 inches long. Kiltz (1930) showed that vertical taproots would grow to depths of 2.4 m and that horizontal roots were found in the upper 45 cm of soil. When touched, the plant injects a compound derived from formic acid into the hapless unfortunate that got a nettle or two in their skin. Reply. Pasture Weed Fact Sheet W 264 . Horses generally won't eat this plant unless they have nothing else to eat. They have been used in the treatment of epilepsy. The toxicity may depend upon the maturity of the plants, because more toxins are present in the fruits than in the leaves. Medicinal use of Horse Nettle: The berries and the root are anodyne, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac and diuretic. Horse Nettles, photo by Illinois Wildflowers. Flowers of horsenettle are borne in clusters. The leaves are alternate, 2.75 to 4.75 inches long and approximately 1 to 3 inches wide with lobed margins. Horse owners need to be aware that red maple leaves are rated as highly toxic to horses, ingestion of as little as 3 pounds can be a lethal dose. Native people once pulverized the young tops and leaves and ate them raw (similar to using an onion). Horse Nettle (also called Bull Nettle, Carolina Horsenettle - all parts) Horse Chestnut (also called Buckeye, Ohio Buckeye - buds, nuts, leaves, bark, seedlings, honey) Horsebrush (foliage) It is a perennial herbaceous plant, native to the southeastern United States that has spread widely throughout much of temperate North America. The flowers are simple, alternate, oblong, and irregularly lobed. In manufacturing, stinging nettle extract is used as an ingredient in hair and skin products. top. It is also called treadsalve. The stem and undersides of larger leaf veins are covered with spines. Horse nettle, Carolina horse nettle, bull nettle Botanic Name Solanum carolinense Plant Family ... Leaves are simple, alternate, oblong, and irregularly lobed. Horse nettle, which also goes by the formal name of Solanum carolinense, is a perennial weed that grows in tall, vertical stalks that can reach up to 4 feet tall. Both surfaces are hairy, while the leaf midrib and petiole have sharp prickles. (Horse-Nettle (Solanum carolinense) - 01a) The horse nettle leaves, which grow alternately from the stem, are elliptical or oval with broadly toothed edges. The 5 petals tend to be united. "Horsenettle" is also written "horse nettle" or "horse-nettle", though USDA publications usually use the one-word form. The stems, petioles, and central leaf vein, and occasionally the leaf margins, have sharp and painful prickles. The relative toxicity of individual leaves is low—horses must consume hundreds of pounds to experience ill effects. Flower bugs bites can be painful and very itchy, and are often slow to heal. Although most specimens of this species are less than 2 feet tall, some grow to 3 feet. Carolina Horse Nettle is weak-stemmed and can be sprawling, or erect to about 3 feed tall. Horses have been reported to lean away from the affected side, repeatedly throw themselves to the ground, or collapse. Horsenettle flowers can be purple or white where Tropical Soda Apple has only white blossoms. toxic than leaves, which are more toxic than stems and roots. Horse nettle is poisonous to horses in fresh or dried form, as it contains highly toxic alkaloids, the most meaningful being solanine. The leaves are usually shallowly lobed and up to about 5 inches long. The plant has an extensive root system with taproots and creeping, horizontal roots. Fatalities have been reported with children[222]. Horsenettle is distributed widely across most of the United States, especially in the eastern half and the western coastal states. The young seedlings are also edible. I boil some leaves and drink as a tea, ate the boiled leaves. A … However, bracken fern is unique among the toxic plants in that some horses seem to develop a taste for it and will seek it out even when other forages are available. Canadian Fleabane . All branches and stems are sharp, hard and have 5 mm long spikes. Amazing! Habitats: Dry fields and waste ground, usually in sandy soils[4, 222, 235]. The stalk and leaves of the weed are covered with tiny thorns, and each stalk produces a white-colored, star-shaped flower in the spring. The root system forms a rather shallow mat off the main tap root. Inflorescences: Racemes or 2-3 raceme-like clusters, terminal. You can identify the common flower bug by its tiny oval body, reflective wings and orange-brown legs. Canada Thistle is a pesky weed for Ohio farmers. Other common names include radical weed, sand brier or briar, bull nettle, tread-softly, Solanum mammosum ("apple of Sodom"), devil's tomato and wild tomato. Description Top of page S. carolinense is a perennial broadleaf weed that is 30 to 120 cm tall, erect and loosely branched. Horse Nettle, Carolina horsenettle: Family: Solanaceae: USDA hardiness: 3-7: Known Hazards: All parts of the plant are potentially poisonous[222]. Common Name. The white horsenettle is one of several dozen species of so-called "stinging nettles"; the plants themselves have thin, hair-like thorns along their leaves and stalks. They have been recommended in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis and other convulsive disorders. Nettles (Urtica dioica) accumulate large quantities of nitrogen, calcium, silica, iron, phosphates and vitamins B, C & K. The caterpillars of the oak processionary moth are a real pest. Horsenettle (Solanum carolinense L.)Life Cycle: Perennial. Though there are other horsenettle nightshades, S. carolinense is the species most commonly called "the horsenettle". Historically Nettles have been used to help support a healthy blood supply and circulation. What does horse nettle look like? The upper leaf surfaces are deep green, while the lower surfaces are lighter green. Leaves are elliptic-oblong to oval, alternate, petioled, 2.5-4.5 inches long and covered on both surfaces with hairs. Flowers bloom in late-spring to early summer, forming yellow berries containing seeds that shrivel in the fall. Identification A perennial from rhizomes with conspicuous spines on leaves and stems reaching 3 feet in height. The leaves, petioles (leaf stems) and branched stems of western horsenettle carry sharp spines. Weed Seed: Solanum carolinense (Horse nettle) Family. Nettles for horses are rich in Iron and Vitamin C, and most horses will happily eat them out in the fields once they have been chopped down an allowed to wilt so they loose their sting. It has also been found in parts of Europe, Asia, and Australia. Horse-nettle Scouting and Prevention: Horsenettle has an erect stem that stands about 60 to 100 cm tall with a few branches that are covered with tiny hairs at the top of the plant. It has pale purple flowers. Poisonous: Yes. Carolina horse nettle can be toxic to livestock. Leaves. The flowers of the horse nettle are usually white, but may also be blue or lavender. Iron is needed for the production of red blood cells and haemoglobin. The leaves on the Horsenettle alternate one another and have 2 to 5 shallow to deep lobed or sharp-points on each side of the leaf. Charlie and Amber are no spring chickens, in terms of years, and they may also benefit from this effect to help keep them as mobile as they are. Leaves: Alternate, egg-shaped to elliptic-lanceolate, 2.4 to 6 inches long, 2 to 4 inches wide, surfaces covered with tiny star-shaped hairs; margins irregularly wavy; stalks short, stout. I felt good after a day and pain of arthritis is gone! Solanine is a glycoalkaloid that affects the horse's central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract. Fibrous hairs arise from a central taproot and from creeping rhizomes. A plant so common that it is found on nearly every piece of waste ground, yet a nettle supplement for horses can be really helpful, as it has been for humans since anglo saxon times. The flowers are pale violet to white in color, clustered near the top of the plant. However, when cut down and dried, that vicious sting is lost, and the plant be consumed by both human and horse. Artichoke leaves enhance the horses body cell regeneration as well as liver and kidney function. Horsenettle – Identification. Leaves also emit a potato odor when crushed, and con-tain prominent prickles on the midvein and petiole (2). Nettle leaves must first be cooked or steamed to destroy the hairs on them, which contain a number of irritating chemicals. It helps digest nutrients more effectively and is used to balance the digestive disorder. Several 3/4 inch (2 cm.) Canadian: Occurs in ON and QC (Brouillet et al. Management in Pastures and Hay Fields As is the case with most other weeds, prevention is an important component of an overall management plan. Flower bugs are common insects that feed on aphids and mites. Horse nettle. Other Name. Origin: Southeastern North America. Western horse nettle is a weedy perennial in the Nightshade family. As if playing “King of The Mountain” the vine and flower of the Morning Glory take advantage of an accommodating Moth Mullein. The Tropical Soda Apple has larger leaves and long thorns and is more shrubby. Synonym. Horsenettle, Solanum Carolinense, is similar looking to the Tropical Soda Apple but is a smaller plant. Some horses do have a nettles allergy that causes problems within the gastrointestinal tract. Q: This weed grows in a semi-shaded, wooded area in my backyard, reaching 12 inches or more in height. Range: South-eastern N. America - New England to Florida, west to Texas and South Dakota. Horse Nettle is a good plant just to look at but not to touch. Solanaceae. Regulation. 2016 Footnote 1). They are pubescent on the upper surface and have sessile stellate (star-shaped) hairs on the lower surface. In foods, young stinging nettle leaves are eaten as a cooked vegetable. Flowers and Fruit. It also increases the gastric mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract mucus […] Bentonite Clay 1kg £ 12.95. Nettles are native to Western North America, Northern Africa, Europe and Asia. Ball nettle. The leaves are the same with the stinging nettle, only that they don’t have the thing that stung. I gave some to my pet dog and ate it! Both the stem and underside of the leaves have thorns or nettles. What Horsenettle Looks Like. The leaves are best dried and stored for later use to help flavour meals (flavour is similar to tarragon). Nettles, also called common nettle, stinging nettle, nettle leaf and urtica dioica, are a part of the Urticaceae family and are a herbaceous perennial, flowering plant. Tox-icity is usually higher in late summer to fall than in the spring. Omega Nettle Leaves A natural herb for supporting the health of urinary, cardiovascular and circulatory systems Nettles have a bad reputation for being nothing more than a pesky, stinging weed. Leaves alternate (1 per node), elliptic in outline but shallowly to deeply lobed with 2 to 5 rounded or sharp-pointed lobes on each side, finely hairy on both surfaces with star-shaped hairs plus several, long, hard spines, at least on the underside along the midrib and main veins. Solanum carolinense, the Carolina horsenettle, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. Horse nettle also produces a fruit that is about 1/2 inch in diameter; it is green with light green vertical bands until maturity, when it becomes yellow. Horsenettle – Identification. Caterpillar hairs. Horses don’t usually eat stinging nettle, but if they lie down or roll on the plant, glassy hairs from the plant’s leaves and stems cause a skin reaction characterized by wheals or hives and an intensely painful stinging sensation that may last 24 hours or more. The leaves are a good source of calcium and potassium and well as protein. drooping flowers grow in a raceme. Chiron Horse has moderate arthritis around T14/15 and nettle helps to rid the body of uric acid that is associated with that inflammation – it also benefits those humans with gout. Pesky weed for Ohio farmers underside of the gastrointestinal tract have been reported with [! 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